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Phraya Mano

๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—›๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—›๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ก๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฆ๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฎ ๐—ฉ ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—›๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ'๐˜€ ๐—™๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ฃ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐— ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ

๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ง๐˜ช๐˜ณ๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ ๐˜ฅ'๐˜ฆ๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜ด๐˜ข๐˜ธ ๐˜—๐˜ฉ๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜บ๐˜ข ๐˜”๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜—๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ ๐˜”๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ช๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ, ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ ๐˜ด๐˜ข๐˜ธ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฎ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฆ๐˜น๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ.

Thailand's first coup d'etat in 1932 ended the country's almost 800 years of absolute power by the Kings of Siam. The 1932 revolution resulted in a nearly-bloodless transition of Siam from an absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarch, the introduction of democracy and the first constitution of Thailand.

Lawyer and Privy Councillor Phraya Manopakorn Nititada was appointed as the first Prime Minister of Siam.


His cabinet's first mission was to draft a permanent constitution. The first constitution of Siam was promulgated under Phraya Manopakorn's watch on 10 December 1932, now celebrated as the Thai Constitution Day.[1]

According to Penang Travel Tips, Phraya Manopakorn's was appointed because the revolutionary leaders regarded him as a neutral and clean figure. However, another coup happened in 1933 and he soon found himself a puppet of the Khana Ratsadon, the political party that brought about the 1932 coup.

Phraya Manopakorn was immediately removed. He was exiled to Penang. When he was in exile, he and his family members took up residence at Burmah Lane before buying land in the Bagan Jermal area. His houses in Penang are now nestled under Setia Residences. ๐™Ž๐™ค๐™ก๐™ค๐™  ๐™ˆ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ค ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™‡๐™š๐™ฃ๐™œ๐™ ๐™ค๐™  ๐™ˆ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ค in Penang are named after him. He died in Penang in 1948 at the age of 64 and was buried within the compound of Wat Pinbang Onn at Jalan Masjid Negeri. His remains were brought back to Wat Pathumwanaram in Bangkok later and this tomb has become a memorial site.




Special thanks to history researcher Clement Liang for inspiring this story.

๐‘ณ๐’Š๐’Œ๐’† ๐’๐’–๐’“ ๐’‘๐’๐’”๐’•? ๐‘ฏ๐’†๐’๐’‘ ๐’–๐’” ๐’•๐’ ๐’๐’Š๐’Œ๐’† ๐’‚๐’๐’… ๐’”๐’‰๐’‚๐’“๐’† ๐’•๐’‰๐’Š๐’” ๐’‘๐’๐’”๐’•! Sources: 1. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phraya_Manopakorn_Nititada 2. Penang Travel Tips: https://www.penang-traveltips.com/wat-pinbang-onn.htm 3. https://pht.org.my/bungalows-at-kelawai-road/

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