Phraya Mano

𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗛𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗲 𝗛𝗼𝘂𝘀𝗲𝘀 𝗡𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗹𝗲𝗱 𝗯𝗲𝗻𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗵 𝗦𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗮 𝗩 𝗥𝗲𝘀𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗲𝘀 𝗛𝗼𝘂𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗧𝗵𝗮𝗶𝗹𝗮𝗻𝗱'𝘀 𝗙𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝗣𝗿𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝗠𝗶𝗻𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗿

𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘧𝘪𝘳𝘴𝘵 𝘤𝘰𝘶𝘱 𝘥'𝘦𝘵𝘢𝘵 𝘴𝘢𝘸 𝘗𝘩𝘳𝘢𝘺𝘢 𝘔𝘢𝘯𝘰 𝘢𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘗𝘳𝘪𝘮𝘦 𝘔𝘪𝘯𝘪𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘳, 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘴𝘦𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘥 𝘤𝘰𝘶𝘱 𝘴𝘢𝘸 𝘩𝘪𝘮 𝘪𝘯 𝘦𝘹𝘪𝘭𝘦.

Thailand's first coup d'etat in 1932 ended the country's almost 800 years of absolute power by the Kings of Siam. The 1932 revolution resulted in a nearly-bloodless transition of Siam from an absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarch, the introduction of democracy and the first constitution of Thailand.

Lawyer and Privy Councillor Phraya Manopakorn Nititada was appointed as the first Prime Minister of Siam.

His cabinet's first mission was to draft a permanent constitution. The first constitution of Siam was promulgated under Phraya Manopakorn's watch on 10 December 1932, now celebrated as the Thai Constitution Day.[1]

According to Penang Travel Tips, Phraya Manopakorn's was appointed because the revolutionary leaders regarded him as a neutral and clean figure. However, another coup happened in 1933 and he soon found himself a puppet of the Khana Ratsadon, the political party that brought about the 1932 coup.

Phraya Manopakorn was immediately removed. He was exiled to Penang. When he was in exile, he and his family members took up residence at Burmah Lane before buying land in the Bagan Jermal area. His houses in Penang are now nestled under Setia Residences. 𝙎𝙤𝙡𝙤𝙠 𝙈𝙖𝙣𝙤 𝙖𝙣𝙙 𝙇𝙚𝙣𝙜𝙠𝙤𝙠 𝙈𝙖𝙣𝙤 in Penang are named after him. He died in Penang in 1948 at the age of 64 and was buried within the compound of Wat Pinbang Onn at Jalan Masjid Negeri. His remains were brought back to Wat Pathumwanaram in Bangkok later and this tomb has become a memorial site.

Special thanks to history researcher Clement Liang for inspiring this story.

𝑳𝒊𝒌𝒆 𝒐𝒖𝒓 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒕? 𝑯𝒆𝒍𝒑 𝒖𝒔 𝒕𝒐 𝒍𝒊𝒌𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒔𝒉𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒕𝒉𝒊𝒔 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒕! Sources: 1. Wikipedia: 2. Penang Travel Tips: 3.

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