Penang and Perak Tin Mining Connection

𝗗𝗶𝗱 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝗸𝗻𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗣𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗸 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗣𝗲𝗻𝗮𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗻𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗵𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹𝘆 𝘁𝗵𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗴𝗵 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗶𝗻𝗱𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗿𝘆? 𝘛𝘪𝘯 𝘸𝘢𝘴 𝘢 𝘴𝘰𝘶𝘨𝘩𝘵-𝘢𝘧𝘵𝘦𝘳 𝘤𝘰𝘮𝘮𝘰𝘥𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘸𝘩𝘦𝘯 𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦 𝘸𝘢𝘴 𝘶𝘯𝘥𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘰𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘪𝘯𝘥𝘶𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘭 𝘳𝘦𝘷𝘰𝘭𝘶𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯. 𝘈𝘴 𝘢 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘶𝘭𝘵, 𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘴 𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘮𝘪𝘯𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘯 𝘗𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘬, 𝘴𝘮𝘦𝘭𝘵 𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘰 𝘴𝘩𝘢𝘱𝘦 𝘪𝘯 𝘗𝘦𝘯𝘢𝘯𝘨, 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘴𝘩𝘪𝘱𝘱𝘦𝘥 𝘧𝘳𝘰𝘮 𝘗𝘦𝘯𝘢𝘯𝘨; 𝘩𝘦𝘭𝘱𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘔𝘢𝘭𝘢𝘺𝘢 𝘣𝘦𝘤𝘰𝘮𝘦 𝘢 𝘴𝘪𝘨𝘯𝘪𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘯𝘵 𝘱𝘭𝘢𝘺𝘦𝘳 𝘪𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘸𝘰𝘳𝘭𝘥 𝘵𝘪𝘯 𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘥𝘦.

𝗧𝗶𝗻 𝗠𝗶𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗖𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗲𝘀𝗲 𝗜𝗺𝗺𝗶𝗴𝗿𝗮𝗻𝘁𝘀 The first record of tin being exported is from Klang in the state of Perak in 1613. During the 18th century, the Chinese arrived to work at the newly discovered rich tin fields. The Chinese merchants in Penang and Singapore then financed them to work at the tin-mining states along the west coast of the Malay Peninsula. The influx of Chinese miners gained momentum from 1848, when a new tin field in the Larut Valley of Perak was discovered; by 1870, more than 40,000 Chinese miners had been employed.[1]


Tiger Tatt at

𝗠𝗲𝘁𝗵𝗼𝗱𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗘𝘅𝘁𝗿𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻: 𝗟𝗮𝗺𝗽𝗮𝗻𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗗𝗿𝗲𝗱𝗴𝗶𝗻𝗴 Until 1912, the Chinese were using lampanning, the crude method of extraction. Lampanning is when the miner washed the clay containing the ore in a bowl of water until only the ore remained. In 1912, the first tin dredge was being experimented with at Malayan Tin Dredging property near Batu Gajah. [2]

𝗘𝗱𝘂𝗰𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗧𝗼𝗱𝗮𝘆'𝘀 𝗚𝗲𝗻𝗲𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗔𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗧𝗶𝗻 𝗠𝗶𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴'𝘀 𝗛𝗲𝘆𝗱𝗮𝘆𝘀 The Tanjung Tualang Tin Dredge is a historical relic that used to be a working Floating Factory. The dredge is named TT5; which stands for Tanjung Tualang unit 5 Dredge. TT5 was put out of service due to the fall in tin price during 1980s and donated to the Perak government in 1997. Today, the Perak state government transformed this unused tin dredge into an educational museum and is now an Eco Heritage Park, that spans 32000 sqft and has 700meters worth of maze routes to explore and discover.

According to the in-house guide at the TT5 museum, there were more than 100 units of tin dredge in Perak. Each tin dredge was built at the cost of 35 million straits dollars and more.


Here was the connection to Penang: after the tin is mined in Tambun, Tanjung Tualang, Kinta and Larut, the raw tins were sent to Penang for further processing at Eastern Smelting at Dato Keramat Road before being sent out for export at Penang Port.




The Tanjung Tualang Tin Dredge is open everyday except Monday from 9am to 6pm, lunch break 1pm - 2.30pm.

Guided Tin Dredge Tours start at 10am, 11am, 12 noon, 2.30pm, 3.30pm and 4.30pm.

References: [1]https://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/.../bc8fd0f6-1c2a-4b33-841e... [2]https://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/.../straitstimes19390302-1...

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