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Burmese Street Names in Penang



๐——๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐—ธ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜„ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ธ๐—ฒ ๐—ง๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ผ๐˜†, ๐—œ๐—ฟ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐˜†, ๐—ฆ๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐— ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ณ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐—•๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ'๐˜€ ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฃ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด'๐˜€ ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ?


๐˜Š๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜บ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ณ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ง, ๐˜‰๐˜ถ๐˜ณ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜—๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜จ'๐˜ด ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜จ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ฆ ๐˜ด๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ง ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ 19๐˜ต๐˜ฉ ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ถ๐˜ณ๐˜บ, ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ.



Although Penang has paddy fields, the rice cultivated in here was never sufficient to feed its growing population.


As a result, Kedah became Penang's leading supplier of rice. When rice from Kedah became scarce in Penang due to the political disturbances of 1838-39 in Kedah, the Hokkien merchants imported an abundance of Tavoy and Moulmein (now Mawlamyine) rice.


Then, in the 1860s, the British turned the vast flat plains of Irrawady-Sitttang delta into a rice-producing powerhouse. As a result, the inflow of voluminous quantity of Burmese rice into Penang began. It was also an important factor that allowed the Hokkien merchant to trade with Burma with more ease.


The import rose from 93,929 pikuls in 1868 to 2,538,129 pikuls in 1890s, a 27 fold increase. The top five market destinations were Melaka, Singapore, the western Malay states, Sumatra, and western Siamese states.


The rice mainly was for re-export to meet the demands of coolies in Penang and surrounding states.

So the road names of Tavoy, Irrawadi, Moulmein, and Salween are a great reminder of our economic connection with Burma. We would have thought Thailand would be an immediate exporter after Kedah, but historical records showed that Burma was our leading rice supplier.

๐‘ณ๐’Š๐’Œ๐’† ๐’๐’–๐’“ ๐’‘๐’๐’”๐’•? ๐‘ฏ๐’†๐’๐’‘ ๐’–๐’” ๐’•๐’ ๐’๐’Š๐’Œ๐’† ๐’‚๐’๐’… ๐’”๐’‰๐’‚๐’“๐’† ๐’•๐’‰๐’Š๐’” ๐’‘๐’๐’”๐’•! โค๏ธโ€๐Ÿ”ฅ

๐Ÿ“š: Penang Chinese Commerce in the 19th Century, the Rise and Fall of the Big Five by Wong Yee Tuan.

๐Ÿ“ธ: Penang Travel Tips and Penang Hidden Gems.

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