𝘒𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘊𝘩𝘶𝘭𝘢𝘭𝘰𝘯𝘨𝘬𝘰𝘳𝘯'𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘭𝘧-𝘣𝘳𝘰𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘳 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘮𝘰𝘴𝘵 𝘵𝘳𝘶𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘥 𝘢𝘥𝘷𝘪𝘴𝘰𝘳, 𝘗𝘳𝘪𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘋𝘢𝘮𝘳𝘰𝘯𝘨, 𝘵𝘰𝘰𝘬 𝘶𝘱 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘪𝘥𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘢𝘵 15 𝘒𝘦𝘭𝘢𝘸𝘢𝘪 𝘙𝘰𝘢𝘥. 𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘮𝘦𝘮𝘰𝘪𝘳𝘴 𝘰𝘧 𝘩𝘪𝘴 𝘩𝘰𝘮𝘦 𝘢𝘵 "𝘊𝘪𝘯𝘯𝘢𝘮𝘰𝘯 𝘏𝘢𝘭𝘭," 15 𝘒𝘦𝘭𝘢𝘸𝘢𝘪 𝘙𝘰𝘢𝘥, 𝘣𝘦𝘤𝘢𝘮𝘦 𝘢 𝘧𝘢𝘮𝘰𝘶𝘴 𝘤𝘭𝘢𝘴𝘴𝘪𝘤 𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘥𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘣𝘰𝘰𝘬 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘢𝘭𝘭 𝘛𝘩𝘢𝘪𝘴.
𝗪𝗵𝗼 𝗶𝘀 𝗣𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗗𝗮𝗺𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗴?
You will be surprised to know that Prince Damronng had a significant contribution to Thai society, but whose name is unknown to many.
A son of King Mongkut by a lesser royal wife, Chao Chom Manda Chum, Prince Damrong was a younger half-brother of King Chulalongkorn.
Prince Damrong is known as the father of Thai history and archaeology and the founder of Thailand's modern educational and health systems. He is also credited with the modernization of the provincial administration. Prince Damrong is also remembered as one of Thailand's most influential intellectuals, leaving behind a remarkable literary legacy.
At the peak of his career, Prince Damrong was among the most influential advisers to the king, considered second only to King Chulalongkorn in power.
After the death of King Chulalongkorn in 1910, the relationship with his successor King Vajiravudh was less productive. As a result, Prince Damrong finally resigned in 1915.
In the years that followed, Prince Damrong worked as a self-educated historian, writing books on Thai literature, culture, and the arts and becoming one of the most influential intellectuals of his time. Following the coup in 1932, he was exiled to Penang, returning to Thailand in 1942, where he died a year later.
𝗖𝗶𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗼𝗻 𝗛𝗮𝗹𝗹 𝗮𝘁 𝟭𝟱 𝗝𝗮𝗹𝗮𝗻 𝗞𝗲𝗹𝗮𝘄𝗮𝗶 As an exiled prince, he rented a mansion named Cinnamon Hall in Kelawai Road. He hosted many Siamese royal families when their ships berthed in Penang after the voyage from Europe. He continued to write and correspond during his exile.
His grandsons have initiated the digital preservation of the vast collection of personal writings and books housed at the Prince Damrong Rachanupab Library at Varadis Palace. "Without us, the documents, particularly the writings and photographs from my grandfather's 10-year exile in Penang after the 1932 coup, would just be bits of paper," MR Disnadda, one of Prince Damrong's grandson, says in an interview with a Thailand's magazine.
Cinnamon Hall has been demolished, but now 15 Jalan Kelawai is the home of Penang Flying Club.
𝗟𝗲𝗴𝗮𝗰𝘆 Marking the centenary of his birth in 1962, he became the first Thai to be awarded the UNESCO World Outstanding Personality title. In 2001, the government declared December 1 as Damrong Rajanupab Day to recognize the prince's contribution to the country.
Sources: https://pht.org.my/bungalows-at-kelawai-road/ https://www.thailandtatler.com/.../prince-damrong-an... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damrong_Rajanubhab http://www.prince-damrong.moi.go.th/pdf/HeritageAsia.pdf